FORCLIMEForests and Climate Change Programme
Technical Cooperation (TC Module)
As part of a study on the development of national forest bioeconomy policies in Indonesia, FORCLIME, supported by Bappenas, recently visited the laboratory of the Center for Testing Standards for Forestry Instruments (BBPSIK) Yogyakarta and the laboratory of the Faculty of Forestry, Gadjah Mada University (Fahutan UGM). This visit was undertaken in an effort to seek information on the latest developments in bio-based products and the views of researchers/academics on the potential for bioeconomy development in Indonesia. Led by Mrs. Dr. Nur Hygiawati Rahayu, ST, MSc as Director of Forestry and Water Resources Conservation at the Ministry of National Development Planning/Bappenas, the visit was held on 17 November 2022.
At BBPSIK Yogyakarta, Bappenas and FORCLIME teams were received by the Head of BBPSIK Yogyakarta, Mr. Dwi Prabowo Yuga Suseno, S.Sc., M.Sc., PhD. In his remarks, Mr. Dwi Prabowo offered a glimpse into the role of BBPSIK Yogyakarta in the wake of the issuance of the Job Creation Law, as well as the various facilities that are owned and operated by BBPSIK Yogyakarta, which include laboratories and Special Purpose Forest Areas. Mr. Prabowo’s remarks also addressed bioenergy development activities involving nyamplung plants (Calophyllum inophyllum). The development of nyamplung plants at BBPSIK Yogyakarta first got underway in 2008 and the initial focus of this development was upstream improvement through the selection of superior stems and then multiplying them to obtain plants characterized by high levels of productivity. Currently, this development is being successfully continued and is working on the extraction and manufacture of biodiesel. In this regard, biodiesel derivatives can be used as sources of bioenergy and biopharmaceuticals. Biodiesel processing waste can also be used to make briquettes, liquid smoke, feed and cosmetics.
After the discussion, the team was taken to visit the Oil Producing NTFPs Testing Laboratory to observe the process of extracting vegetable oil through the application of various methods, as well as differences in the quality of the oil based on species and processing process. The team also visited the Tissue Culture Test Laboratory to observe the tissue culture techniques that are being used on several plants such as nyamplung, sandalwood, eucalyptus and sengon.
The team then moved to Fahutan UGM, where it was welcomed by the Dean of Fahutan UGM, Mr. Sigit Sunarta, S.Hut., MP, M.Sc., Ph.D, and a selection of lecturers. Discussions with academics at UGM focused on views and opinions relating to opportunities and challenges for the future development of the forestry bioeconomy. One of the important points discussed was the need to analyze market opportunities and synchronize upstream and downstream forest products to ensure that the carrying capacity of the allocated land has the right benefits and avoids land degradation problems.
For more information, please contact:
Nurdita Rahmadani, Junior Advisor for Monitoring, Evaluation and Reporting
R. Rizka Dewi Zuleika, Junior Advisor for Sustainable Forest Management
Pipin Permadi, Senior Advisor and Liaison Officer
In order to prepare for a periodic review of the Lore Lindu Biosphere Reserve (LLBR) that will be conducted in 2023, the LLBR Management Coordination and Communication Forum, led by the Regional Planning and Development Agency (Bappeda) of Central Sulawesi Province, recently held its 2022 LLBR Management Coordination and Communication Forum Meeting. The theme of this year's annual meeting was, “Building Commitment for Sustainable Development” and the event was held on 16 November 2022 at the Polibu Meeting Hall in the Governor’s Office of Central Sulawesi Province.
The meeting was opened by Drs. H. Ma'mun Amir, Deputy Governor of Central Sulawesi Province, who stated his appreciation for the efforts of Bappeda, related stakeholders and development partners regarding the implementation of the meeting. Mr. Amir also expressed his hope that the involvement of all parties would result in the integration of different aspects relating to planning and implementation, ultimately resulting in sustainable development and an ability to meet the needs of the present generation without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs sufficiently.
During the meeting, a panel discussion was held and involved contributions from two invited speakers, namely Prof. Dr. Ir. Y. Purwanto, DEA (Chairman of the Indonesian MAB National Committee and the National Research and Innovation Agency), who offered insights into the management of biosphere reserves, the preparation of periodic reviews and product branding, as well as Mr. Christopher Eichhorn (GIZ FORCLIME Jakarta), who shared his experiences of the management of biosphere reserves in Germany. A video message from Dr. Hans Decker Thulstrup (MAB UNESCO Headquarters in Paris) was also shown.
After the meeting had been concluded, a Memorandum of Understanding was signed and represented a joint commitment by district/city governments in the LLBR area (including the governments of Palu City, Poso Regency, Parigi Moutong Regency, Donggala Regency and Sigi Regency) to make a positive contribution towards sustainable LLBR management. Biosphere Reserve Product Certificates were also handed over to nine SMEs that have been verified by the LLBR Product Registration and Verification Team. The SME products in question included chocolate, crispy brownies, chocolate bagea, fried onions and coffee.
As a follow-up to this meeting, an LLBR master plan will be developed while a periodic review form will be completed.
For more information, please contact:
Fikty Aprilinayati, Advisor for Sustainable Forest Management and Biosphere Reserve Management
Ismet Khaeruddin, Senior Adviser for Biodiversity Focal Point for the KFW Forest Program 3 and Provincial Coordinator for Central Sulawesi
The Papua Provincial Forestry and Environment Service, supported by FORCLIME and other development partners (Global Green Growth Institute-GGGI), held a recent coaching clinic that addressed the preparation of Long-Term Forest Management Plans (RPHJP) for four Forest Management Units (KPH) operating within the province of Papua, specifically: KPHP Unit XXI Lintas Sarmi-Mamberamo, KPHP Unit XXIII Sarmi, KPHP Unit XXVIII Jayapura City and KPHP Unit XXIX Keerom. This activity was carried out in hybrid mode (i.e. online and offline) on 16 – 17 November 2022 and was opened by the Head of the Forestry and Environment Service, Jan Jab Ormuseray, S.H, M.Sc.
This clinic represents one of the chosen ways of disseminating Minister of Environment and Forestry (LHK) Regulation No. 8 of 2021 on Forest Management and the Preparation of Forest Management Plans and Forest Utilization in Protected Forests and Production Forests. The coaching clinic was held in order to provide direction and guidance for the RPHJP preparation team within the KPH regarding the stages and processes involved in the revision and preparation of the planning document.
Resource personnel present at the technical guidance event included then following staff members:
During the discussion, participants debated the following challenges in relation to forest management in Papua:
- The management area is quite wide and access is often very difficult.
- The amount of human resources available does not match the area, while the number of technical personnel is also limited, for example in special fields: GIS.
- Facilities and infrastructure. There are still FMUs that do not have their own office spaces (and that are therefore still renting), as well as limited work equipment, including operational vehicles.
During the meeting, the Head of KPHP Boven Digoel, Mr. Ade Jhon Moisiri, S.Hut., shared his experience of preparing the RPHJP. The Boven Digoel KPHP is the only KPH in Papua and indeed in Indonesia that has completed the preparation of the RPHJP document based on Minister of Environment and Forestry Regulation No. 8 of 2021.
“With the expansion of the province, the FMUs will be divided into new provinces. The existing FMUs in Papua Province must be used as an example for newly formed provinces, both in terms of forest planning and as part of efforts to utilize non-timber forest products," explained the Head of the Papua Province Forestry and Environment Service when opening the event.
As a follow-up to this technical guidance activity, each FMU will now revise its RPHJP. This also includes FMUs that are being supported by FORCLIME, specifically: KPHP Unit XXI Lintas Sarmi-Mamberamo and KPHP Unit XXIII Sarmi.
For more information, please contact:
Theodora F. Resubun, Advisor for Sustainable Forest Management and Coordinator for Papua Province
Mohammad Sidiq, Strategic Area Manager for Sustainable Forest Management and Coordinator for Papua and West Papua Provinces