Indonesia's Strategies to Combat Climate Change
In October 2007, the government created its National Action Plan on Climate Change (RAN-PI, 2007), aiming to achieve a low carbon economy in the long term and to turn the forest area from a source of CO2 emissions into a 'carbon sink'.
Indonesia has since announced an emission reduction target of 26% by 2020 compared to "business as usual" and has begun to integrate climate change into development planning, producing "The Indonesia Response to Climate Change" as well as sector-specific "roadmaps" and mitigation action plans.
A large part of the reduction in greenhouse gas emissions must come from the forest sector and from limiting further forest and peatland conversion. Tackling the drivers of deforestation is therefore a priority in the planned National Strategy on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) in Indonesia.
The Ministry of Forestry will create the institutional framework for an Indonesian REDD scheme including regulations, a Reference Emission Level (REL), an emission-reduction Monitoring, Reporting and Verification (MRV) system, a national carbon accounting system and mechanisms for distribution of REDD payments.