In October 2007, the government created its National Action Plan on Climate Change (RAN-PI, 2007), aiming to achieve a low carbon economy in the long term and to turn the forest area from a source of CO2 emissions into a 'carbon sink'.
Indonesia has since announced an emission reduction target of 26% by 2020 compared to "business as usual" and has begun to integrate climate change into development planning, producing "The Indonesia Response to Climate Change" as well as sector-specific "roadmaps" and mitigation action plans.
A large part of the reduction in greenhouse gas emissions must come from the forest sector and from limiting further forest and peatland conversion. Tackling the drivers of deforestation is therefore a priority in the planned National Strategy on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) in Indonesia.
The Ministry of Forestry will create the institutional framework for an Indonesian REDD scheme including regulations, a Reference Emission Level (REL), an emission-reduction Monitoring, Reporting and Verification (MRV) system, a national carbon accounting system and mechanisms for distribution of REDD payments.
The programme's overall objective is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the forest sector while improving the livelihoods of Indonesia's poor rural communities. In order to achieve this goal, the programme team will support the Indonesian Government in the design and implementation of various legal, policy-related and institutional reforms aimed at the conservation and sustainable management of forests at the local, provincial and national levels. The geographic focus of FORCLIME is Eastern Indonesia and the Provinces of Central Sulawesi, Papua and West Papua. Support for the local implementation of international forest policy mechanisms, including REDD+ under the Climate Change Convention and the Access and Benefit Sharing Mechanism (ABS) set out under the Convention on Biological Diversity is an essential feature of the programme, and is resulting in decision-makers with experience of how international concepts can be implemented on the ground.
Advice on strategy development for forest development and REDD+ at the national, provincial and district levels;
Technical advice on a framework for the implementation of REDD+ at various levels, including a climate financing mechanism;
Support for forestry administration reform processes such as the establishment of forest management units and community forestry schemes;
Support for nature conservation and the Access Benefit Sharing Mechanism;
Development of environmental-service payment schemes in order to support sustainable livelihoods in rural areas;
Support for the marketing and sustainable use of Non-Timber Forest Products by local communities and policy measures aimed at a forest-based bioeconomy, including cooperation with local universities; and
Capacity building for sustainable forest management and nature conservation
The government of Germany commissioned KfW for financial and GIZ for technical support of FORCLIME. REDD demonstration activities financed by KfW are – together with other initiatives (i.e. AusAID; TNC; WWF) – among the first REDD "on the ground projects" in Indonesia (and worldwide). The REDD pilots are meant to demonstrate that local development, sustainable forest management, biodiversity conservation and climate protection go hand-in-hand.
GIZ works with the Ministry of Environment and Forestry on national policy and sector strategies, to gear these strategies towards the requirements of emission reductions. Effective stakeholder participation is a critical success factor in all planning and strategy development processes.
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH
Manggala Wanabakti Building, Block VII, 6th Floor
Jln. Jenderal Gatot Subroto Jakarta Indonesia 10270
Ph: +62 (0)21 572 0214 | +62 (0)21 572 0193