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 Forests and Climate Change Programme
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 Forests and Climate Change Programme
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 Forests and Climate Change Programme

Indonesia's Strategies to Combat Climate Change

In October 2007, the government created its National Action Plan on Climate Change (RAN-PI, 2007), aiming to achieve a low carbon economy in the long term and to turn the forest area from a source of CO2 emissions into a 'carbon sink'.

Indonesia  has  since  announced  an  emission  reduction target of 26% by 2020 compared to "business as usual" and has begun to integrate climate change into development planning, producing "The Indonesia Response to Climate Change"  as  well  as  sector-specific  "roadmaps"  and mitigation action plans.

A large part of the reduction in greenhouse gas emissions must come from the forest sector and from limiting further forest and peatland conversion.  Tackling the drivers of deforestation is therefore a priority in the planned National Strategy on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) in Indonesia.

The  Ministry  of  Forestry  will  create  the  institutional framework  for  an  Indonesian  REDD  scheme  including regulations,  a  Reference  Emission  Level  (REL),  an emission-reduction Monitoring, Reporting and Verification (MRV) system, a national carbon accounting system and mechanisms for distribution of REDD payments.

The programme's overall objective is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the forest sector while improving the livelihoods of Indonesia's poor rural communities. To achieve this goal, the programme team will assist the Indonesian  government  to  design  and  implement  legal, policy  and  institutional  reforms  for  the conservation  and sustainable management of forests, at local, provincial and national level. Support to REDD+ demonstration activities is a key feature of the programme, providing decision-makers with experience of how REDD+ can be implemented "on the ground"

FORCLIME's Assistance

  • Advice  on  strategy  development  for  REDD+  and  forest development at national, provincial and district levels
  • Technical  advice  on  a  framework  for  the implementation of REDD+ demonstration activities at various levels, including participatory land use planning and forest zoning
  • Innovative design of mechanisms and regulations for district-based  REDD+ initiatives
  • Facilitation of monitoring, reporting and verification
  • Support to forestry administration reform processes such as the establishment of forest management units and related monitoring and inspectorate systems
  • Support to nature conservation and benefit  sharing within the Heart of Borneo (HoB) Initiative
  • Development of payment for environmental services schemes to support sustainable livelihoods in rural areas
  • Capacity building for sustainable forest management and nature conservation
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Financial Cooperation (FC)

The government of Germany commissioned KfW for financial and GIZ for technical support of FORCLIME. REDD demonstration activities financed by KfW are – together with other initiatives (i.e. AusAID; TNC; WWF) – among the first REDD "on the ground projects" in Indonesia (and worldwide). The REDD pilots are meant to demonstrate that local development, sustainable forest management, biodiversity conservation and climate protection go hand-in-hand.


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Click the "Read more" on this section to visit FORCLIME-FC's site.

Technical Cooperation (TC)

GIZ works with the Ministry of Environment and Forestry on national policy and sector strategies, to gear these strategies towards the requirements of emission reductions. Effective stakeholder participation is a critical success factor in all planning and strategy development processes.


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The West Kalimantan Provincial Government and the Ministry of LKH combining efforts to formulate a concept note for the Green Climate Fund (GCF)

in cooperation with ministry of forestry and environmentCooperation - Republic of Indonesia and Federal Republic of GermanyImplemented-by-gizKFW