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 Forests and Climate Change Programme
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 Forests and Climate Change Programme
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 Forests and Climate Change Programme
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 Forests and Climate Change Programme

GIZ's Approach

GIZ will work with the Ministry of Forestry on national policy and sector strategies, to gear these strategies towards the requirements of emission reductions. Effective stakeholder participation is a critical success factor in all planning and strategy development processes.

The team will assist to devise or adapt regulations for forest administration reform and future REDD mechanisms, supporting pilots of innovative emission reduction schemes in selected districts of Kalimantan. National, regional and international discussion and strategy development will benefit from feedback about successes and challenges "on the ground".

The FORCLIME Programme focuses on the relationships between national, provincial and district governments in making land and resource use decisions. A team of international and Indonesian advisors strengthens institutional capacities for managing and monitoring forests, where the decentralization   process has left uncertainties in mandates between agencies and administrative levels. The establishment of forest management units (FMUs), to bring the management of different forest categories from 'protection forest' to 'production forest' under one roof, is crucial to this reform.  The establishment of FMUs involves the division of monitoring and inspection tasks from operational tasks and thus will place management responsibility closer to the field.

The Forest and Climate Change Programme (FORCLIME) has three components.

Programme Component 1 - Policy Advice

At the national level, FORCLIME renders advisory services towards the development of relevant policies and strategies. The Programme provides advice towards setting up rules and mechanisms for the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation and forest degradation. FORCLIME supports the Ministry of Forestry to improve the regulatory framework for sustainable forest management through administrative reforms, including the establishment of forest management units (FMUs).

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Programme Component 2 - Sustainable Forest Management and REDD+

At provincial and district level in Kalimantan, FORCLIME supports government agencies to create the necessary framework for REDD demonstration activities, and facilitates their implementation. Pilot forest management units are developed in a participatory way, paying special attention to traditional land use rights of surrounding communities.

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Programme Component 3 -  Heart of Borneo (HoB) initiative

FORCLIME promotes nature conservation and sustainable development in biodiverse Heart of Borneo (HoB) areas, supporting collaborative schemes for the management of national parks and their buffer zones. The Programme facilitates negotiation of land use and development plans among major stakeholders in selected HoB districts. Agreements on payments for environmental services, such as ecotourism, will benefit many local municipalities and empower communities in the programme areas.

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The programme's overall objective is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the forest sector while improving the livelihoods of Indonesia's poor rural communities. In order to achieve this goal, the programme team will support the Indonesian Government in the design and implementation of various legal, policy-related and institutional reforms aimed at the conservation and sustainable management of forests at the local, provincial and national levels. The geographic focus of FORCLIME is Eastern Indonesia and the Provinces of Central Sulawesi, Papua and West Papua. Support for the local implementation of international forest policy mechanisms, including REDD+ under the Climate Change Convention and the Access and Benefit Sharing Mechanism (ABS) set out under the Convention on Biological Diversity is an essential feature of the programme, and is resulting in decision-makers with experience of how international concepts can be implemented on the ground.

FORCLIME's Assistance

  • Advice on strategy development for forest development and REDD+ at the national, provincial and district levels;
  • Technical advice on a framework for the implementation of REDD+ at various levels, including a climate financing mechanism;
  • Support for forestry administration reform processes such as the establishment of forest management units and community forestry schemes;
  • Support for nature conservation and the Access Benefit Sharing Mechanism;
  • Development of environmental-service payment schemes in order to support sustainable livelihoods in rural areas;
  • Support for the marketing and sustainable use of Non-Timber Forest Products by local communities and policy measures aimed at a forest-based bioeconomy, including cooperation with local universities; and
  • Capacity building for sustainable forest management and nature conservation
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Technical Cooperation (TC)

GIZ works with the Ministry of Environment and Forestry on national policy and sector strategies, to gear these strategies towards the requirements of emission reductions. Effective stakeholder participation is a critical success factor in all planning and strategy development processes.


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Forest Inventory Technical Guidance Offered to Vocational Forestry School Teachers in Makassar

Financial Cooperation (FC)

The government of Germany commissioned KfW for financial and GIZ for technical support of FORCLIME. REDD demonstration activities financed by KfW are – together with other initiatives (i.e. AusAID; TNC; WWF) – among the first REDD "on the ground projects" in Indonesia (and worldwide). The REDD pilots are meant to demonstrate that local development, sustainable forest management, biodiversity conservation and climate protection go hand-in-hand.


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Click the "Read more" on this section to visit FORCLIME-FC's site.

in cooperation with ministry of forestry and environmentCooperation - Republic of Indonesia and Federal Republic of GermanyImplemented-by-gizKFW