Biodiversity is a variety of living thing which exist in the ecosystems. The higher the biodiversity means the higher diversity and its ecological value.
Pyramid of the food chain depicts natural number of the population of living thing linked to the food chain. The bottom of the pyramid has the highest of the population
The biodiversity of Peat Swamp Forest has 170 species of trees, 50 types of Mammalian, bushes, grass, herb folia, 80 types of fishes and birds and poultry 150 types.
Fauna is protected by the Government of Indonesia (GoI). It is governed by the Regulation of Wildlife 1931, Agricultural Minister Decree No.716/Kpts/Um/10/1980 Jakarta 4 October 1980 and Government Regulation RI No. 7 year 1999 dated 27 January 1999.
List of Important Mammalian in Peat Swamp Forest in Merang Kephayang
List of Important Birds in MRPP area:
Protected Birds around Merang-Kephayang River
• PECUK ULAR (PHALACROCORACIDAE)
• KUNTUL & CANGAK (ARDEIDAE)
• BANGAU (CICONIDAE)
• SELURUH JENIS ELANG (ACCIPITRIDAE)
• MENTOK RIMBA (ANATIDAE)
• BETET & SERINDIT (PSITTACIDAE)
• LUNTUR (TROGONIDAE)
• RAJA UDANG (ALCEDINIDAE)
• BURUNG ENGGANG (BUCEROTIDAE)
• KIPASAN (RHIPIDURIDAE)
• BURUNG MADU (NECTARINIIDAE)• BEO (STURNIDAE)