Indonesia's Strategies to Combat Climate Change
In October 2007, the government created its National Action Plan on Climate Change (RAN-PI, 2007), aiming to achieve a low carbon economy in the long term and to turn the forest area from a source of CO2 emissions into a 'carbon sink'.
Indonesia has since announced an emission reduction target of 26% by 2020 compared to "business as usual" and has begun to integrate climate change into development planning, producing "The Indonesia Response to Climate Change" as well as sector-specific "roadmaps" and mitigation action plans.
A large part of the reduction in greenhouse gas emissions must come from the forest sector and from limiting further forest and peatland conversion. Tackling the drivers of deforestation is therefore a priority in the planned National Strategy on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) in Indonesia.
The Ministry of Forestry will create the institutional framework for an Indonesian REDD scheme including regulations, a Reference Emission Level (REL), an emission-reduction Monitoring, Reporting and Verification (MRV) system, a national carbon accounting system and mechanisms for distribution of REDD payments.
The programme's overall objective is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the forest sector while improving the livelihoods of Indonesia's poor rural communities. To achieve this goal, the programme team will assist the Indonesian government to design and implement legal, policy and institutional reforms for the conservation and sustainable management of forests, at local, provincial and national level. Support to REDD+ demonstration activities is a key feature of the programme, providing decision-makers with experience of how REDD+ can be implemented "on the ground"
- Advice on strategy development for REDD+ and forest development at national, provincial and district levels
- Technical advice on a framework for the implementation of REDD+ demonstration activities at various levels, including participatory land use planning and forest zoning
- Innovative design of mechanisms and regulations for district-based REDD+ initiatives
- Facilitation of monitoring, reporting and verification
- Support to forestry administration reform processes such as the establishment of forest management units and related monitoring and inspectorate systems
- Support to nature conservation and benefit sharing within the Heart of Borneo (HoB) Initiative
- Development of payment for environmental services schemes to support sustainable livelihoods in rural areas
- Capacity building for sustainable forest management and nature conservation