GIZ will work with the Ministry of Forestry on national policy and sector strategies, to gear these strategies towards the requirements of emission reductions. Effective stakeholder participation is a critical success factor in all planning and strategy development processes.
The team will assist to devise or adapt regulations for forest administration reform and future REDD mechanisms, supporting pilots of innovative emission reduction schemes in selected districts of Kalimantan. National, regional and international discussion and strategy development will benefit from feedback about successes and challenges "on the ground".
The FORCLIME Programme focuses on the relationships between national, provincial and district governments in making land and resource use decisions. A team of international and Indonesian advisors strengthens institutional capacities for managing and monitoring forests, where the decentralization process has left uncertainties in mandates between agencies and administrative levels. The establishment of forest management units (FMUs), to bring the management of different forest categories from 'protection forest' to 'production forest' under one roof, is crucial to this reform. The establishment of FMUs involves the division of monitoring and inspection tasks from operational tasks and thus will place management responsibility closer to the field.
The Forest and Climate Change Programme (FORCLIME) has three components.
At the national level, FORCLIME renders advisory services towards the development of relevant policies and strategies. The Programme provides advice towards setting up rules and mechanisms for the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation and forest degradation. FORCLIME supports the Ministry of Forestry to improve the regulatory framework for sustainable forest management through administrative reforms, including the establishment of forest management units (FMUs).
At provincial and district level in Kalimantan, FORCLIME supports government agencies to create the necessary framework for REDD demonstration activities, and facilitates their implementation. Pilot forest management units are developed in a participatory way, paying special attention to traditional land use rights of surrounding communities.
FORCLIME promotes nature conservation and sustainable development in biodiverse Heart of Borneo (HoB) areas, supporting collaborative schemes for the management of national parks and their buffer zones. The Programme facilitates negotiation of land use and development plans among major stakeholders in selected HoB districts. Agreements on payments for environmental services, such as ecotourism, will benefit many local municipalities and empower communities in the programme areas.