"We have been taught from generation to generation through our traditions to maintain and preserve our forests. But now, why it is so difficult and takes a long process to get a legitimate right to manage our forests? Please help us ". As expressed by Saleh Wang, the Head of Setulang village.
The village government of Setulang assisted by the Forest Service of Malinau District and GIZ-FORCLIME has proposed the protection forest area (the local language: Tane 'Olen) as their Village Forest. Village forest is a state forest that is managed by the Village people for the wellbeing of the village, considering all forest functions. A proposal for village forest development has been prepared and submitted to the Regent of Malinau. In December 2011, the Regent has issued a recommendation letter for the Setulang proposal and forwarded to the Minister of Forestry.
It is recognized by the villagers that in order to get the management rights of a village forest up to the implementation stage is a long process. Nevertheless, the recommendation letter from the Malinau Regent is one of the important steps and warmly welcomed by the government of the Setulang village. Going through the process, stage by stage, the dream of the Setulang people is to obtain certainty and access rights to manage their forest by themselves will be accomplished. It is expected that in early 2012 the Ministry of Forestry will conduct a field visit to verify the proposal and issue a letter of Working Area Determination for the Setulang Village Forest. Drs. Ihin Surang, Head of the Conservation Unit of the Forest Service of Malinau, hopes that Setulang’s efforts in obtaining the rights to management their forest as well as their efforts in conserving the forests will be serve as an example for other villages in Malinau. Setulang village in a glance
Setulang village is located in the district of Malinau, East Kalimantan. It has a total area of 11,800 Ha its altitude ranging from 70 m to 500 m above sea level. The village lays on the banks of the River Malinau surrounded by hills and separated by a district road connecting the nearby villages. The village can be reached from the district capital in 1 to 1.5 hours by boat or by car on a paved and gravel road.
The village has 931 inhabitants living in 236 household. The majority of the dwellers are Dayak Kenyah Oma Lung being Christians and still adheres to traditional customs. Main livelihood of the locals is farming. The village is led by the head of the village government that governs the village. Additionally; there is also a customary authority which administers traditional norms and customs in the village.
The way of life of Setulang people is still ruled by local wisdom, as their life is blended with the natural environment. The Setulang people have been applying customary laws to manage and preserve their protected forest (Tane 'Olen). For them, forests are considered as future savings for communities and future generations. In addition to ecological functions, they wisely use forest resources for subsistence purposes, such as timber for constructing house, medicinal plants, hunting animals and others. Considering the high commitment and efforts of Setulang Village in conserving its forests, the Government of Indonesia in 2003 awarded the Kalpataru prize naming the village an environmental savior. Prior to receiving assistance from GIZ FORCLIME, Setulang got support from CIFOR.
According to results of Landsat imagery interpretation 2007 by the Balai Pemantapan Kawasan Hutan (BPKH) Region IV Samarinda, Tane 'Olen at Setulang village covers of ± 5,314 ha, which consists of primary forest (± 829.43 Ha), secondary forest (4,407.49 Ha), and undergrowth (± 75.69 Ha). Forest vegetation is dominated by Dipterocarps species, such as meranti (Shorea sp), keruing (Dipterocarpus sp), Resak (Vatika sp), lime (Dryobalanops sp), tengkawang (Shorea pinanga) and other species such as nyatoh (Palaquium sp), agathis (Agathis sp), the forest onion (Scorodocarpus sp), ironwood (Eusideroxylon zwageri) and other types. While the undergrowth plant species includes ferns (Pteridofita sp), rattan (Calamus sp), lichen (Briofita), fern (Cycas sp), and ephifit as well as several species of orchids. Additionally, there are many other species of flora. Animals include: deer (Cervus timorensis), deer/coney (Tragulus javanicus), wild boar (Sus barbatus), sun bear (Helarctos malayanus), clouded leopard, porcupine (Hystix brachhyura), jungle cat (Felis bengalensis) , some primates such as gibbons (Hylobates molach), reptiles (lizards and various types of snakes) and various types of fish (Pisces). Groups of birds (Aves) such as hornbills (Buceros rhinocerros, Rhinoplax vigil), kwau (Argusianus argus), peacock (Pavo muticus) and others.
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With the intention of improving the capacity of decision makers associated with Forest Management Unit (FMU) development, the Directorate General of Forestry Planning supported by GIZ-FORCLIME organized a study tour and expert dialogue on the implementation of forest management in Germany. The visited Forest Management Unit is one of the State Forest Enterprise Hessen Forst, which manages most of the forests in the State of Hessen - Germany. Participants included policy maker officials from the central (Ministry of Forestry) and local (Forest Service) levels, as well as future heads of FMUs (candidates of FMUs). The visit and dialogue took place from 7 - 17 December 2011.
The purpose of the visit was to provide policy makers related to the implementation of FMUs with information how FMUs operate in Germany. It is expected that lessons learned from the visit and the intensive dialogues give inspiration and ideas for further development of the FMUs in Indonesia .
Topics presented in the dialogue included, among others, forestry planning, institutional and administrative structures of the forest service and issues related to forest policy and politics.
During the field visits and the presentations in the FMU Herborn, the group was received by the Deputy Mayor (Vize-B űrgermeisterin), Mrs. Elisabeth Fuhrlander, at the City Hall of Dillenburg. The city of Dillenburg is located within the administrative area of the FMU Herborn where community forests are entrusted to be managed by Hessen Forst. In a meeting with the Deputy Mayor of Herborn he expressed satisfaction over the management of their forests, which belong to the citizens of Herborn, managed by Hessen Forst.
FORCLIME together with the Directorate General of Forestry Planning has several times organized study tours and held dialogues with the Forest Management Unit of Herborn in Hessen, Germany. The activities are conducted in order to share experiences in managing forests, mainly associated with the development of KPH in Indonesia.
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Senior Policy Adviser
From 30 November – 1 December 2011 a workshop on Capacity Building in Community Empowerment Programmes took place at the Forestry Training Centre of Samarinda. This event was a collaboration of GIZ FORCLIME, the Forestry Training Centre of Samarinda and WWF West Kutai Programme. The objectives of this workshop were to identify the capacity building needs in the Community Empowerment Programmes at various levels (system and policy level, network, organisation and individual levels). The event was attended by approximately 35 people from government agencies, private companies, academics, NGOs, ad hoc forestry institutions and representatives of local communities.
Some focal issues discussed in this workshop were: (a) The need of deregulation or decentralization of licensing for the development of Village Forest (Hutan Desa) / Community Forest (Hutan Kemasyarakatan) considering that the current licensing bureaucracy is felt by the community to be too long-winded and complicated; (b) the need to prepare a roadmap for the development of Village / Community Forest and to establish an Acceleration Working Group that involves national and regional stakeholders; (c) the need to establish an incentive system for regional governments and the communities to support the development of Village / Community Forest; (d) the need to establish an acceleration mechanism for the determination of both forest zone and village boundaries and to resolve tenurial conflicts; (e) the need to develop standardisation and synchronisation of data (including spatial data) between national and regional levels; (f) the need to develop a learning network for information sharing and capacity development, mainly for training; (g) modification of curricula for Village / Community forest training in accordance with the local context; (h) institutional strengthening of forestry extension services; (i) increasing the quality and quantity of forestry extension workers; (j) pushing for the allocation of budget in central and regional government to support the development of Village / Community Forest Programmes.
At the end of the workshop, participants agreed to reactivate the Discussion Forum on Community Based Forest Management (CBFM), which had been idle during the last 2 years. In the future, the CBFM Forum will be handled by the East Kalimantan Working Group on REDD+ and the Regional Forestry Council of East Kalimantan in collaboration with the Forestry Training Center of Samarinda. The first meeting is planned to be held in January 2012. The CBFM Forum will be directed to discuss in a step-wise manner various issues and solutions for problems related to capacity development in Village / Community Forest Programmes as identified in the workshop.
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Senior Advisor for Sustainable Forest Management