Cooperation - Republic of Indonesia and Federal Republic of Germany

Overcoming the myth of harvesting honey during daylight

Panen madu hutan berau

Wild honey is one of the high-potential non-timber forest products in the forest management unit (FMU) of West Berau. The wild honey is produced by the Apis dorsata bees that can mostly be found on Banggeris (Koompassia sp), Banyan (Ficus sp), and Meranti (Shorea sp) trees. Local communities live in the forest and the surroundings of the FMU West Berau and collect the wild honey to sell it as an additional household income at the local market.

Usually local communities harvest the wild honey during the night to avoid getting stung as bees cannot see in the dark. They use fire and smoke to drive the bees away from their nests. Post-harvest treatment consists of squashing, which however is considered to have a negative influence on the quality of the honey.

For the purpose of sustainable honey harvesting, the FMU of West Berau collaborates with FORCLIME and the local NGO Jaringan Madu Hutan Indonesia that focuses on sustainable wild honey harvesting. Together a training was held in Kampung Muara Lesan, sub-district of Kelay, Berau district from 1 to 4 September 2014. The training was attended by 40 people that come from seven wild honey producer villages adjacent to the FMU West Berau area. The trainers were a honey farmer group from Tesso Nilo, Riau, Sumatra. They were especially invited to educate the local people in Berau.

The participants of the training were very enthusiastic, especially when the honey collectors from Tesso Nilo, Mr. Japri and Mr. Ramli, demonstrated their skills in how to climb trees to harvest honey in a sustainable manner, even during the day. This skill was also introduced to the participants in order to be practiced in their respective villages. Further knowledge and skills the participants acquired during the training include the collection of wild honey nests in sustainable manner, introduction to other bee products besides honey, filtration methods, post-harvest processing, and packaging. Additionally, the participants also learned how to set up and manage a forest honey farmer group.

Following up on the training, the FMU West Berau is going to develop a comprehensive strategy on wild honey development within the forest management unit.

For more information, please contact:
Ali Mustofa, Adviser for Community Based Forest Management (CBFM)

Promoting NTFPs through introduction of Trigona sp bee farming at FMU West Berau

Trigona bee

Wild honey is among the most highly demanded non-timber forest products (NTFPs) in Indonesia. However, in recent years the production of wild honey has declined steadily. Behind this background, an initiative to develop Trigona sp bee farming in the Forest Management Unit (FMU) West Berau has been established. The Trigona sp bee, which is similar in size as flies, has no sting. To defend themselves, the bees produce a kind of sap called propolis, an additional marketable product besides honey.

The benefits of marketing this bee include: no special maintenance needed, no special equipment required, no stings, easy for colony development, higher propolis productivity than other species, pest resistance, possibility to harvest all year long. Therefore, the FMU West Berau in East Kalimantan, supported by FORCLIME, conducted an inventory and information campaign from 23-28 of June 2014 about the advantages of Trigona sp bee among the communities bordering the FMU West Berau area. The purpose of this activity was to identify and conduct research on the medical benefits of honey as well as its potential to improve the livelihood of communities living in and near the surrounding forests. Hence in the long-term, promotion of Trigona sp bee farming it is expected to increase the value of forests and so reduce the negative impacts such as deforestation and forest degradation for economic interests.

During the event participants learned how to make 'stubs' (bee hive boxes) and fill them with bee eggs and natural nests. Afterwards the stubs were distributed to the villages of Muara Lesan, Long Beliu, Sidobangen, Merasa, which are all located in the surroundings of the FMU West Berau.

Also the Head of the FMU West Berau, Mr. Hamzah, highly appreciated the initiative of Trigona sp bee farming as it can reduce the (health) risks compared to traditional wild honey harvesting. For that reason, FMU West Barat will be ready to support similar activities in other villages.
 
For further information, please contact:
Ali Mustofa, Thematic Leader of Community Empowerment

Enhancing capacities in forestry vocational schools

Assessor Diklat

With the aim of improving the education quality of Forestry Vocational Schools (SMK Kehutanan), the Center of Forestry Education and Training (CFET) of the Ministry of Forestry (MoFor) in collaboration with FORCLIME conducted a training on “enhancing the capacities of auditor candidates to conduct competency tests for SMKK”. The event took place at the CFET premises in Bogor from June 30 to July 5, 2014. The objective of the training was to provide the candidates with the ability to carry out “competency tests” for students who will have to complete the national examination on forestry vocational practices. In the Indonesian education system, forestry vocational students have to pass this examination, which also includes knowledge application in practice, to show their competencies in forestry.

The training was facilitated by senor lecturers from CFET and attended by 60 participants, such as forestry vocational teachers, lecturers of CFET and other forestry training centers. During the opening, a representative from FORCLIME, Mathias Bertram, explained that the MoFor has already recruited several SMKK graduates to work at Forest Management Units (FMUs) and, as over or the next five years the MoFor is planning to establish 600 FMUs, the demand for skilled human resources will be large. Graduated SMKK students, with intermediate-level technical skills, will therefore play an important role in supporting the FMU activities in the future. He also emphasized important issues in managing an FMU that need to be considered for curriculum development, including: (1) there are still tenure conflicts within FMU areas that require solutions; (2) parts of forest boundary demarcation still unclear; (3) need to develop entrepreneurship in the forestry sector; (4) still lacking focus on rehabilitation and conservation areas; and (5) strengthening of FMU institutions. Mathias Bertram put forward that lessons learnt from the FMU development process in Germany as well as other practical experiences from the field should be more emphasized in SMKK teaching than mere theory.

For more information, please contact:
Edy Marbyanto, Strategic Area Manager Human Capacity Development

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