Biodiversity and Management of Protected Areas
What we do
FORCLIME provides assistance on biodiversity and protected areas management at the national and sub-national levels in order to support sustainable forest management that contributes to the benefit and welfare of communities as well as the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions from the forestry sector in Indonesia. FORCLIME’s assistance focuses on
- policy improvement with regard to biodiversity conservation and protected areas management;
- institutional strengthening of protected area management in the framework of Forest Management Units; and
- promoting best practices for shared governance of biodiversity conservation and protected areas management.
The biodiversity and protected area management measures developed and supported by FORCLIME use the approach of collaborative management as stipulated in the Ministry of Forestry decree No. 19 in 2004, aiming at implementing Law No. 5 from 1990 on conserving life support systems, protecting plant and animal species and their ecosystems, and the sustainable use of biodiversity and its ecosystems for the better life of people.
What we want to achieve
In the strategic area of Biodiversity and Protected Areas Management FORCLIME aims to achieve the following objective: Forest Management Unit (FMU) frameworks, namely for Conservation FMUs, Protection FMUs and Production FMUs adopt and implement the national biodiversity conservation strategy to support the achievement of strategic forestry sector targets in climate change mitigation and adaptation.
Indicators for measuring the achievements by 2016 are:
- FMUs and other relevant stakeholders in the pilot districts have the capacities to identify ecosystem functions, to conduct biodiversity mapping, identify indicator species, and to conduct high conservation value forest (HCVF) analyses in selected areas within FMUs.
- Existing functional ecosystem and habitats of key/ indicator species as well as HCV areas are determined in FMUs.
- A biodiversity action plan is integrated in FMUs’ management plan.
How we work
FORCLIME advisors, supported by collaborating partners and consultants, will do parallel rapid assessments of community and government practices on biodiversity conservation and natural resources management in protected areas and other sites in the FORCLIME pilot districts. To learn about the advantages and disadvantages of the conservation measures, the results from activities, outputs and impacts on biodiversity status, as well as community support and benefits will be compared with best practice examples from other places, either from Indonesia or other countries. Considering socio-cultural aspects of communities and taking into account government policies, an innovative participatory biodiversity and protected areas management framework will be formulated and tested (implemented) inside the FMUs in the pilot districts. Findings or lessons learned from these processes will also serve as the basis for further policy analysis and formulation to improve biodiversity and protected areas management practices.
FORCLIME will also develop concepts for Conservation FMUs and facilitate capacity building for FMU staff and respective stakeholders at sub-national and national levels. Capacity building measures focus on mapping, identifying and assessing ecosystem functions or services, indicator species and high conservation value forest (HCVF), as well as on formulation and integration of biodiversity action plans for FMUs.