GIZ works with the Ministry of Environment and Forestry on national policy and sector strategies, to gear these strategies towards the requirements of emission reductions. Effective stakeholder participation is a critical success factor in all planning and strategy development processes.
The team provides assistance to devise or adapt regulations for forest administration reform and future REDD+ mechanisms, supporting pilots of innovative emission reduction schemes in selected districts of Kalimantan. National, regional and international discussion and strategy development will benefit from feedback about successes and challenges "on the ground".
The FORCLIME Programme focuses on the relationships between national, provincial and district governments in making land and resource use decisions. A team of international and Indonesian advisors strengthens institutional capacities for managing and monitoring of forests, where the decentralization process has left uncertainties in mandates between agencies and administrative levels. The establishment of forest management units (FMUs), to bring the management of different forest categories from 'protection forest' to 'production forest' under one roof, is crucial to this reform. The establishment of FMUs involves the division of monitoring and inspection tasks from operational tasks and thus will place management responsibility closer to the field.
The Forest and Climate Change Programme (FORCLIME) has six Strategic Areas:
FORCLIME supports the Ministry of Environment and Forestry to improve the regulatory framework for sustainable forest management through administrative reforms, including the establishment of forest management units (FMUs). Another important field of support is devoted to preparing the implementation of a future REDD+ mechanism. The Programme works with the Ministry of Forestry towards setting up necessary regulations and institutions in concert with other development partners’ programmes.
FORCLIME supports the establishment and development of FMUs in Indonesia at the national and local levels. While support at the national level mainly focuses on the development of policies relevant for FMU development and capacity building, at the local level FORCLIME supports the implementation of FMU design, planning and management. Therefore FORCLIME actively supports the development of three Model FMUs in Malinau District in North Kalimantan Province, Berau District in East Kalimantan, and Kapuas Hulu District in West Kalimantan.
FORCLIME supports private forest companies in the FSC certification process of their forest concessions, particularly companies located in the pilot districts Berau, Malinau and Kapuas Hulu. This includes the development of concepts how to better integrate the interests of communities living in or close to the concession areas and how communities could benefit from the certification process.
FORCLIME supports the understanding of the Green Economy concept among relevant stakeholders. Mainstreaming Green Economy principles in development planning and enhancing sustainable livelihoods of communities in and around forests are key activities. For example, FORCLIME supports the development of local capacities, promotes the economic value of non-timber forest products and encourages local stakeholders to participate in evolving marketing and investment strategies.
FORCLIME provides assistance on human resource capacity development at the national and sub-national levels in order to support sustainable forest management which contributes to the benefit and welfare of communities as well the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions from the forestry sector in Indonesia. FORCLIME’s assistance is in line with the Government of Indonesia’s policy to improve human resource capacities in the forestry sector in order to be able to face globalization challenges in the ASEAN Economic Community by 2015.
FORCLIME provides assistance on biodiversity and protected areas management at the national and sub-national levels in order to support sustainable forest management that contributes to the benefit and welfare of communities as well as the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions from the forestry sector in Indonesia. FORCLIME’s assistance focuses on
- policy improvement with regard to biodiversity conservation and protected areas management;
- institutional strengthening of protected area management in the framework of Forest Management Units; and
- promoting best practices for shared governance of biodiversity conservation and protected areas management.